Edo Period Medicine and Anesthesia



Modern Japanese Medical History and its European influences


History of Anesthesia in Japan


The Development of aesthetic facial surgery in Japan


History of Modern Anesthesia in Japan


Hanaoka Seishu’s surgical casebook. The National Library of Medicine:


Gordon E. Mestler, "A galaxy of old Japanese medical books with miscellaneous notes on early medicine in Japan. Part III.: urology, syphilology and dermatology; surgery and pathology,” Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 44/2 (1956): 125–59.


Tomio Ogata, “Seishu Hanaoka and his anaesthesiology and surgery,” Anaesthesia, 28 (1973): 645–652. (extracted from the Wiley Online Library)


Koichi Watanbe, “Seishu Hanaoka (1760-1835),” Biomedicine International, 4 (2013): 1-2.



T. Y. Euliano, J. S. Gravenstein, N. Gravenstein, D. Gravenstein. Essential Anesthesia: From Science to Practice, 2nd ed (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011).



Dutch Studies


Grant Kohn Goodman, Japan: The Dutch Experience (New York, Bloomsbury: 2012).



Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi, Anti-foreignism and Western Learning in Early-modern Japan: The New Theses of 1825 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986).



William G. Beasley, Japan Encounters the Barbarian: Japanese Travellers in America and Europe (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995).




Rangaku and Westernization


The Dutch Science (Rangaku) and its Influence on Japan






Encyclopedia Britannica


Katsushika Hokusai, Ukiyo-e & Edo Period Japan


Anesthesia and Medicine


International Museum of Surgical Science


Anesthesia History Association

Hanaoka Seishu

Surgeon Developed General Anesthesia in Edo Japan


National History Day Documentary on Anesthesia


THEMES: Japan, Dutch Trade and Exploration, History of Medicine

History of Anesthesia at Massachusetts General Hospital